Doing Medicine Together: Germany and Russia Between the Wars

Doing Medicine Together: Germany and Russia Between the Wars

Weight 0.00 lbs
By Susan Gross Solomon
German and European Studies
University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division © 2006
World Rights
416 Pages
Cloth
ISBN 9780802091710
Published Nov 2006
Online discount: 30%
 $77.00    $53.90
Description
Author
Contents

Of the many interwar connections between Germany and Russia, one of the most unusual - and least explored - is medicine and public health. Between 1922 and 1932, with high-level political support and government funding, Soviet and German physicians and public health specialists collaborated in joint research expeditions, published joint articles, launched a bi-lingual journal, and established joint research institutions. Surprisingly, students of Soviet-German relations have all but ignored this medical collaboration; while historians of science have treated it as political history, an exercise in cultural diplomacy designed to mitigate the impact of the post-war exclusion of both nations from the international science.

The contributors to this volume, who come from Germany, Russia, Britain, the United States and Canada, depart from the traditional approach to the subject. Drawing on previously inaccessible archival materials, the authors move beyond politics to examine the impact of this collaboration on scientific activity. Contributors analyze aspects of the German-Russian collaboration often overlooked by students of cross-national science, including the choice of 'friends' across borders, the activities of scientific entrepreneurs, the tensions between bi-lateral and international science, and the migration of scientists. Treating Soviet-German medical relations as an instance of trans-national science lays bare its unique features. Ultimately, Doing Medicine Together raises new and important questions about the vaunted 'special' relation between Soviet Russia and Weimar Germany.

Susan Gross Soloman is a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Toronto.

List of Illustrations

Preface

Contributors

Introduction: Germany, Russia, and Medical Cooperation between the Wars

SUSAN GROSS SOLOMON

Part One: ‘Choosing’ Scientific Friends

1 German Overtures to Russia, 1919–1925: Between Racial Expansion and National Coexistence

PAUL WEINDLING

2 Partners of Choice/Faute de Mieux? Russians and Germans at the 200th Anniversary of the Academy of Sciences, 1925

MARINA SOROKINA

3 Leftists versus Nationalists in Soviet–Weimar Cultural Diplomacy: Showcases, Fronts, and Boomerangs

MICHAEL DAVID-FOX

Part Two: Scientific Entrepreneurs across Borders

4 How to Win Friends and Influence People: Heinz Zeiss, Boundary Objects, and the Pursuit of Cross-National Scientific Collaboration in Microbiology

ELIZABETH HACHTEN

5 ‘Creating Confidence’: Heinz Zeiss as a Traveller in the Soviet Union, 1921–1932

WOLFGANG ECKART

6 Infertile Soil: Heinz Zeiss and the Import of Medical Geography to Russia, 1922–1930

SUSAN GROSS SOLOMON

7 The Scientist as Lobbyist: Heinz Zeiss and Auslandsdeutschtum

SABINE SCHLEIERMACHER

Part Three: Bilateralism and Internationalism

8 Castor and Pollux in Brain Research: The Berlin and the Moscow Brain Research Institutes

JOCHEN R ICHTER

9 Eugenics, Rassenhygiene, and Human Genetics in the Late 1930s: The Case of the Seventh International Genetics Congress

NIKOLAI KREMENTSOV

Part Four: Scientific Migration to ‘the Other’

10 Home Away from Home: The Berlin Neuroanatomist Louis Jacobsohn-Lask in Russia

ULRIKE EISENBERG

11 Crossing Over: The Emigration of German-Jewish Physicians to the Soviet Union after 1933

CAROLA T ISCHLER

Index