Marlowe's Counterfeit Profession: Ovid, Spenser, Counter-Nationhood

Marlowe's Counterfeit Profession: Ovid, Spenser, Counter-Nationhood

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By Patrick Cheney
Heritage
University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division © 1997
World Rights
368 Pages
Paper
ISBN 9781442612969
Published Oct 2011
Online discount: 25%
 $36.95    $27.71
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Marlowe's Counterfeit Profession presents the first comprehensive reading of the Marlowe canon in over a generation. The occasion for Patrick Cheney's rereading is a primary discovery: Marlowe organized his canon around an "Ovidian" career model, or cursus, which turns from amatory poetry to tragedy to epic. Ovid had advertised this cursus only in his inaugural poem, the Amores, where its purpose was to counter the Virgilian cursus of pastoral, georgic, and epic. Marlowe was the first writer to translate the Amores, and thus the first to make the Ovidian cursus literally his own.

Marlowe inscribes this cursus not simply to participate in the Renaissance recovery of classical authors, but in particular to contest the national authority of the 'Virgil of England,' Edmund Spenser. Using an Ovidian cursus to contest Spenser's Virgilian cursus, Marlowe enters the generational project of writing English nationhood. Unlike Spenser, however, Marlowe writes a 'counter-nationhood' – a nonpatriotic form of nationhood that subverts royal power with what Ovid calls libertas.

By discovering the original project organizing an otherwise fragmentary canon, Cheney aims to change the most basic lens through which critics have viewed Marlowe: 'Shakespearean drama'. This lens cannot account for two of the most striking features of Marlowe's canon: his scholarly use of translation and his writing of epic. Cheney proposes that a theatrical, Shakespearean model has prevented critics from discovering the original context within which Marlowe produced his art: a multimedia, multi-genre Spenserian model of Ovidian counter-nationhood.

Patrick Cheney is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Pennsylvania State University.

'Marlowe's Counterfeit Profession is a significant work of scholarship and criticism. It should make a lasting impact on the study of Elizabethan literature and will be an indispensable resource for anyone working on Christopher Marlowe ... Cheney's core idea of Ovidian tragedy, although familiar in classical scholarship, is an original contribution to Renaissance studies and will open up new avenues of research and interpretation.'

David Riggs, Stanford University

'It will be read avidly by Marlowe specialists, by persons interested in Spenser, and by everyone interested in the larger issue of Ovid in the English Renaissance.'

Maurice Charney, Rutgers University