Shakespeare in the World of Communism and Socialism

Shakespeare in the World of Communism and Socialism

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By Irena Makaryk and Joseph G. Price
University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division © 2006
World Rights
418 Pages
Paper
ISBN 9781442626034
Published Jun 2013
Online discount: 15%
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ebook (EPUB format)
ISBN 9781442616516
Published Dec 2013
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Description
Author
Contents

The works of William Shakespeare have long been embraced by communist and socialist governments. One of the central cultural debates of the Soviet period concerned repertoire, including the usefulness and function of pre-revolutionary drama for the New Man and the New Society. Shakespeare survived the byzantine twists and turns of Soviet cultural politics by becoming established early as the Great Realist whose works should be studied, translated, and emulated. This view of Shakespeare as a humanist and realist was transferred to a host of other countries including East Germany, Hungary, Poland, China, and Cuba after the Second World War.

Shakespeare in the Worlds of Communism and Socialism traces the reception of Shakespeare from 1917 to 2002 and addresses the relationship of Shakespeare to Marxist and communist ideology. Irena R. Makaryk and Joseph G. Price have brought together an internationally-renowned group of theatre historians, practitioners, and scholars to examine the extraordinary conjunction of Shakespeare and ideology during a fascinating period of twentieth-century history. Roughly historical in their arrangement, the essays in this collection suggest the complicated and convoluted trajectory of Shakespeare's reputation. The general theme that emerges from this study is the deeply ambivalent nature of communist Shakespeare who, like Feste's 'chev'ril glove,' often simultaneously served and subverted the official ideology.

Contributors:
Alexey Bartoshevitch
Laura Raidonis Bates
Maria Clara Versiani Galery
Lawrence Guntner
Werner Habicht
Maik Hamburger
Martin Hilský
Krystyna Kujawinska-Courtney
Irena R. Makaryk
Zoltán Márkus
Sharon O'Dair
Arkady Ostrovsky
Joseph G. Price
Laurence Senelick
Shu-hua Wang
Robert Weimann
Xiao Yang Zhang

Irena R. Makaryk is a professor in the Department of English at the University of Ottawa.


Joseph G. Price is a professor emeritus in the Department of English at Pennsylvania State University.

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgments

A Note on Slavic Transliteration

Introduction: When Worlds Collide: Shakespeare and Communisms
IRENA R. MAKARYK and JOSEPH G. PRICE

PART ONE: SHAKESPEARE IN FLUX: 1917 TO THE 1930s

Performance and Ideology: Shakespeare in 1920s Ukraine
IRENA R. MAKARYK

Shakespeare and the Working Man: Communist Applications during Nationalist Periods in Latvia
LAURA RAIDONIS BATES

Shakespeare as a Founding Father of Socialist Realism: The Soviet Affair with Shakespeare
ARKADY OSTROVSKY

A Five-Year Plan for The Taming of the Shrew
lAURENCE SENELICK

The Forest of Arden in Stalin’s Russia: Shakespeare’s Comedies in the Soviet Theatre of the Thirties
ALEXEY BARTOSHEVITCH

PART TWO: WORLD WAR, COLD WAR, AND THE GREAT DIVIDE

Wartime Hamlet
IRENA R. MAKARYK

‘Thus conscience doth make cowards of us all’: New Documentation on the Okhlopkov Hamlet
LAURENCE SENELICK

Shakespeare and the Berlin Wall
WERNER HABICHT

In Search of a Socialist Shakespeare: Hamlet on East German Stages
LAWRENCE GUNTNER

Shakespeare the Politicizer: Two Notable Stagings in East Germany
MAIK HAMBURGER

PART THREE: NATIONAL AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY

Translations of Politics / Politics of Translation: Czech Experience
MARTIN HILSKÝ

Krystyna Skuszanka’s Shakespeare of Political Allusions and Metaphors in Communist Poland
KRYSTYNA KUJAWINB SKA COURTNEY

War, Lechery, and Goulash Communism: Troilus and Cressida in Socialist Hungary
ZOLTÁN MÁRKUS

The Chinese Vision of Shakespeare (from 1950 to 1990): Marxism and Socialism
XIAO YANG ZHANG

From Maoism to (Post) Modernism: Hamlet in Communist China
SHUHUA WANG

PART FOUR: THEORIZING MARXIST SHAKESPEARES

Caliban/Cannibal/Carnival: Cuban Articulations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest
MARIA CLARA VERSIANI GALERY

Ideology and Performance in East German Versions of Shakespeare
ROBERT WEIMANN

Marx Manqué: A Brief History of Marxist Shakespeare Criticism in North America, ca. 1980–ca. 2000 349
SHARON O’DAIR

Contributors

Index

Index of Shakespearean Plays