The Renaissance and Reformation in Northern Europe

The Renaissance and Reformation in Northern Europe

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Edited by Kenneth R. Bartlett and Margaret McGlynn
University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division © 2014
World Rights
312 Pages
ISBN 9781442607149
Published Oct 2014
ISBN 9781442608252
Published Oct 2014
ebook (EPUB format)
ISBN 9781442607163
Published Oct 2014
Full purchase $47.95

This updated version of Humanism and the Northern Renaissance now includes over 60 documents exploring humanist and Renaissance ideals, the zeal of religion, and the wealth of the new world. Together, the sources illuminate the chaos and brilliance of the historical period—as well as its failures and inconsistencies.

The reader has been thoroughly revised to meet the needs of the undergraduate classroom. Over 30 historical documents have been added, including material by Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, William Shakespeare, Christopher Columbus, Miguel de Cervantes, and Galileo Galilei. In the introduction, Bartlett and McGlynn identify humanism as the central expression of the European Renaissance and explain how this idea migrated from Italy to northern Europe. The editors also emphasize the role of the church and Christianity in northern Europe and detail the events leading up to the Reformation. A short essay on how to read historical documents is included. Each reading is preceded by a short introduction and ancillary materials can be found on UTP's History Matters website (

Margaret McGlynn is Associate Professor of History at Western University . She is the author of The Royal Prerogative and the Learning of the Inns of Court (2003).

Kenneth R. Bartlett is Professor of History and Renaissance Studies at the University of Toronto. He is the author of The English in Italy 1525–1558: A Study in Culture and Politics (1991), The Civilization of the Italian Renaissance: A Sourcebook (2011), and A Short History of the Italian Renaissance (2013).
How to Read a Historical Document

Chapter 1: The Background to Reform

1. Cardinal Guillaume Filastre (1348–1428)
Diary of the Council of Constance
2. Peter of Mladonovice (1390s–1451)
The End of the Saintly and Reverend Master John Hus
3. Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Pius II) (1405–64)
First Book of the Commentaries
4. John Wyclif (c. 1330–84)
Of Wedded Men and Wives and of Their Children Also
5. Thomas à Kempis (1379/80–1471)
The Imitation of Christ

Chapter 2: Early Northern Humanism
6. Conrad Celtis (1459–1508)
Oration Delivered Publicly in the University of Ingolstadt
7. Sir Thomas More (1478–1535)
Letter to the Professors and Masters of the University of Oxford
8. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466?–1536)
Letter to Jodocus Jonus on Vitrier and Colet
9. William Roper (c. 1495–1578)
The Life of Sir Thomas More
10. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466?–1536)
The Paraclesis
11. Cardinal Francisco Ximenes (1436–1517)
Prologue to the Polyglot
12. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466?–1536)
A Pilgrimage for Religion's Sake

Chapter 3: The Protestant Reformation
13. Martin Luther (1483–1546)
To the Christian Nobility
The Radical Reformation
14. Anonymous (1525)
The Twelve Articles
15. Martin Luther (1483–1546)
An Admonition to Peace
16. Martin Luther (1483–1546)
Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes
17. Thomas Müntzer (1489–1525)
A Highly Provoked Defense
Mothers of the Church
18. Katharina Schütz Zell (1498–1562)
Letter to . . . Strasbourg
19. Argula von Grumbach (c. 1492–1554)
To Adam von Thering
20. Michael Servetus (1511–53)
On the Errors of the Trinity
21. John Calvin (1509–64)
Reply to Sadoleto
22. Simon Fish (d. 1531)
A Supplication for the Beggars
23. Prohibition of Appeals to Rome
24. Anne Askew (c. 1520–46)
The Two Examinations
Luther's Impact
25. Philip Melancthon (1497–1560)
Funeral Oration over Luther

Chapter 4: The Catholic Reformation
26. Consilium De Emendanda Ecclesia, 1537
27. The Capuchin Constitutions of 1536
28. Ignatius Loyola (1491–1556)
Letter on Obedience
29. Teresa of Avila (1515–82)
Spiritual Testimonies

Chapter 5: Social Relations
30. The Trial of Mary and Joseph
31. Malleus Maleficarum
32. Sir Thomas More (1478–1535)
Utopia, Book I
33. Martin Luther (1483–1546)
On the Family
34. Marguerite de Navarre (1492–1549)
The Heptameron
35. Hans Sachs (1494–1576)
The Old Game
36. Michel de Montaigne (1533–92)
On Experience
37. Thomas Deloney
Jack of Newbury
38. Juan Luis Vives (1492–1540)
On Assistance to the Poor
39. William Shakespeare (1564–1616)
Ulysses on Degree, from Troilus and Cressida

Chapter 6: Discovering New Worlds Abroad
Going West
40. Christopher Columbus (1451–1506)
The Privileges Accorded to Columbus by Ferdinand and Isabella
41. Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo (1478–1557)
General and Natural History of the Indies
42. Bernal Díaz (1492–1581)
The Expedition of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba
43. Stephen Parmenius of Buda (c. 1541–83)
Letter to . . . Richard Hakluyt . . . From St. John's Harbour, Newfoundland, 1583
Going East
44. Richard Hakluyt (c. 1552–1616)
The book made by . . . Mr. Robert Thorne in the year 1527 in Seville, to Dr. Ley
45. Sir Martin Frobisher (c. 1535–94)
The second voyage of Captain Frobisher, made to the West and Northwest regions, in the yere 1577
46. Richard Hakluyt (c. 1552–1616)
Notes given in 1580 to Mr. Arthur Pet, and to Mr. Charles Jackman, sent by the merchants of the Muscovy Company for the discovery of the Northeast Strait

Chapter 7: Imagining New Worlds at Home
47. William Caxton (b. 1415–24, d. 1492)
Prologue to the Translation of the Eneydos
48. Miguel de Cervantes (1547–1616)
Don Quixote: Dedication to the Duke of Béjar and the Prologue
49. Miguel de Cervantes (1547–1616)
Don Quixote
50. Nostradamus (Michel de Nostradame) (1503–66)
Letter to King Henri II of France
51. The Fugger Newsletters (1568–1604)
52. Galileo Galilei (1564–1642)
Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina
53. John Shute (d. 1563)
The First and Chief Groundes of Architecture
54. Jean Bodin (1530–96)
Method for the Easy Comprehension of History
55. François Rabelais (1483–1533)
Gargantua and Pantagruel
56. William Shakespeare (1564–1616)
The Merchant of Venice

Chapter 8: Renaissance and Reformation Politics
57. Sir Thomas Elyot (c. 1490–1546)
The Boke Named the Governour
58. Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466?–1536)
The Education of a Christian Prince
59. Juan Luis Vives (1492–1540)
On The Writing of Letters
60. Emperor Charles V (1500–58)
Advice to his Son
61. John Knox (c. 1514–72)
The First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women
62. Queen Elizabeth I of England (1533–1603)
Queen Elizabeth's First Speech, Hatfield, November 20, 1558 and Richard Mulcaster's Account of Queen Elizabeth's Speech
63. Theodore Beza (1519–1605)
On the Right of Magistrates

An essential collection of primary source documents that vividly brings this tumultuous period to life through the words of the change-makers. Representing a wide variety of document types, including legal documents, letters, journals, sermons, speeches, and works of poetry and fiction, this text will allow students of history to gain immediate access to the hearts and minds of a compelling cast of key historical figures. It is an indispensable teaching tool for university courses on the history and culture of the Renaissance and Reformation.

Erin J. Campbell, University of Victoria

Bartlett and McGlynn have provided a superb collection of primary source documents for the Renaissance and Reformation eras in northern Europe. Each selection is effectively prefaced with helpful information on the author and the context of the document. Students are also provided with a useful guide on how to read primary historical sources to obtain a critical understanding of the significance of the sources.

Chris L. Nighman, Wilfrid Laurier University